Gobius niger  L. 1758

photo copyright by Peter Wirtz
biomar@dragoeiro.uma.pt

Papillae Drawing

IDENTIFICATION

Head Pores - Cephalic lateral line canals with pores B',C,D,E,F,H' and K',L' Preopercle canal with pores M',N,O'

Scales - Body compeletly scaled with 35-41 (32-42) in lateral series; nape with scales to varing extents.

Fins - D1 - VI; D2 12-13(11-13); A 12-13 (11-14); pectoral 17-19(15-20);

Head -

Papillae - A transverse papillae pattern with row d continuous; row x1 ending anteriorly behind pore H and pore F behind eye on course of oculoscapular canal, pores may be relatively large; four vertical orws in from of row 5s; two vertical rows under row b; seperate rows 5i and 6i; row 6i extending ventrally below row d.

Color - Pale to dark brown with lateral dark blotches and spots; a dark blotch in the upper anterior corner of each dorsal fin; branchiostegal mambrane dark.

Distribution - eastern Atlantic from Norway and Baltic Sea to Mauritania, Mediterranean and Black Sea, including Azov; Suez canal and northern Gulf of Suez; also in Azores, Madeira, and Canary Islands.

Habitat - Inshore waters to depths of 75m; found over sand, mud, algae or sea grass beds; occurs in tidepools in the Azores, Maderia, and Canary Islands.

Notes - Easily confused with Mauligobius maderensis. The validity of these species differences in currently in question.